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Delaware/Lenape Culture and History

As a complement to our Lenape language information, we would like to share our collection of indexed links about the Lenape people and various aspects of their society. This website emphasizes American Indians as living people with a present and a future as well as a past. Lenape history is interesting and important, but the Lenape are still here today, too, and we try to feature modern authors as well as traditional folklore, contemporary artwork as well as museum pieces, and the issues and struggles of today as well as the tragedies of yesterday. Suggestions for new links are always welcome.

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Our Lenape Websites

Lenape Language:
    Information and language learning materials from the Lenape Indian language.
Lenape Facts for Kids:
    Questions and answers about Lenape culture.
Lenape Legends:
    Collection of Lenape Indian legends and folktales.

Lenape Tribal and Community Websites

Delaware Tribe of Indians:
    Homepage of the Bartlesville Lenape Band, offering Delaware Indian history, legends, and government information.
Sand Hill Lenape-Cherokee Band * Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Indians * Pennsylvania Lenape Nation:
    Thunder Mountain Lenapé Nation * Ramapough Lenape Indian Nation:
    Tribal groups of Lenape descendents in New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
Lenape Lifeways:
    Nonprofit organization preserving and interpreting Lenni Lenape prehistory in New Jersey.
Lightning Valley Lenapè:
    Cultural center for Lenape Indian descendants in southwestern Pennsylvania.
Standing Bear:
    Personal homepage of a Lenape-Nanticoke man, with links and resources.

Maps of Lenape Lands

Lenni-Lenape: The "Original People":
    Map of the Schuylkill Watershed labeled with Lenape placenames.
Lenape Delaware Forced Migrations:
    Map showing the westward travels of the Lenape people during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Indians of Indiana:
    History of tribal migrations through Indiana, with a map showing the journeys of the Munsee and Lenape Delawares.
New Jersey Indian Map * New York Indian Map * Delaware Indian Map * Pennsylvania Indian Map * Maryland Indian Map:
    Tribal maps showing the original territory of the Delaware tribes and their neighbors.

Lenape Lifestyle and Tradition

The Lenapes:
    Information and pictures about Lenape life in the past.
The Delaware River Lenapes:
    Ethnography of the Lenape Indians of eastern Pennsylvania.
The Delaware Indians:
    Article on Delaware history and culture.
The Lenni Lenape/Delaware Flag:
    Seal and flag of the Delaware Tribe.
Delaware Nation License Plate:
    Oklahoma Delaware license plates.
Mid-Atlantic Regional Clothing * Delaware Indian Clothes * Indian Costume * Indian Headband * Indian Hair Styles:
    Sketches and photographs of traditional Powhatan and Delaware costume.
Lenape Wedding:
    Scroll past the poem for a good picture of a Lenape woman's marriage outfit.
Delaware Clothing Styles:
    Detailed discussion of Fox, Huron, and Delaware basic dress, regalia, and hairstyles.
Native Tech: Lenape Moccasins:
    Pictures of Lenape moccasin styles.
Lenape Artifacts * Algonquian Indian Weapons:
    Lenape and other Native American weapons, tools, and artifacts.
Wigwam and Longhouse:
    Photos and information about traditional Lenape houses.
Lenape Frybread Recipe * Lenape Corn Soup * Delaware Deer Pie * Wilted Lettuce * Indian Cake:
    Traditional Lenape Delaware recipes.
Lenape Football:
    History and rules of Pahsaheman, a traditional Lenape ball game played between men and women.
Delaware Gender Roles:
    Lenape Indian gender, sex, and childbearing customs.
Delaware Indians:
    Articles on Lenape history, traditional culture, and place names in Eastern Pennsylvania.

Lenape Religion and Myth

Lenape Legends:
    Collection of Lenape Indian legends and folktales.
Lenape Myth:
    Mythology of the Lenape.
The Wallum Olum * Walam Olum: Its Origin and Authenticity * The Lenni-Lenape and the Red Record:
    The Walam Olum of Constantine Rafinesque * The Walam Olam:
    Websites about the Walam Olum (Red Record or Score). Today the Walam Olum is thought to have been a hoax
    by a white writer, but some Delaware people believe he based his writing on real Lenape stories.
Delaware Medicine:
    Lenape herbalism, folk remedies and lore.
American Indian Religion:
    Advice for people researching traditional Lenape religion and other American Indian spirituality.

Lenape Literature and Arts

Delaware Authors * Daniel David Moses * Jack D. Forbes:
    Lenape authors, their lives and work.
Native American Authors: Carolyn Attneave * In Memoriam: Carolyn Attneave:
    Carolyn Attneave, Cherokee-Delaware psychologist and philosopher.
Nanticoke Lenape Pow Wow * Delaware Pow Wow * Lenni Lenape Powwows:
    Photos and videos of music and dance performances from Lenape powwow festivals.
Native American Crafts:
    Photographs and information about Lenape and other native art.

Lenape Politics, Issues, and Media

Delaware Nation News:
    Current events and issues updated by a Western Delaware man.
Protection of ancient Lenni Lenape site * Saving the Black Creek Site:
    Lenape efforts to protect a sacred site in New Jersey from development.
Cherokee Nation v. Delaware Tribe of Indians:
    Recent legal dispute between the Cherokee and Delaware Native Americans.

Lenape History and Education

The Delawares:
    Overview of Delaware Indian history from a Lenape author, including the Delaware tribe's interactions with the Hopewells and Mound-Builders.
Delaware History:
    Compact tribal history of the Lenape Indians.
Lenape Delaware History:
    Archive of Lenape historical documents including articles, biographies, treaties, and genealogical records.
The Lenni-Lenape of New Jersey:
    History of interactions between the Lenape Indians and the European colonists.
Ramapough Mountain History * Powhatan-Renape History * Nanticoke-Lenni Lenape History:
    Lenape Indian history from three New Jersey bands.
Delaware Tribe:
    History of the Lenape Indians in Ohio.
Lenape Programs:
    School presentations on Lenape culture and history by a Lenape descendant.
21st Century Look at a Lenape Tribe in Berks County:
    Lesson plan on the history and culture of the Pennsylvania Lenape people.
The Prophet Neolin * The Delaware Prophet * Neolin:
    Articles about Neolin, the 18th-century Lenape religious orator who inspired Chief Pontiac.
Lappawinsoe, Delaware Chief * Tishcohan:
    Biographies of historical Delaware Indian figures.
Four Directions: Delaware:
    Timeline and links about Lenape history.

Lenape Genealogy

Delaware Geneology:
    Genealogical guide from the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape tribe of New Jersey.
Delaware and the Dawes Rolls:
    Information from the Oklahoma Historical Society on Delaware Indian rolls and their meaning.
Personal Names of Indians of New Jersey:
    Ancestry database of Delaware Indian surnames.
Native Ancestry: Delaware Genealogy Forum:
    Messageboard for Lenape Delaware descendants.
Native American Geneology:
    Direction for those seeking Lenape and other American Indian ancestors.

Sponsored Links

Books for sale on the Lenape Indians
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

Western Oklahoma Delaware * Leni Lenape Language Programs * Lenape Language Course:
    Lenape language-learning audio courses.
Delaware-English/English-Delaware Dictionary * Vocabulary of New Jersey Delaware:
    An Ancient New Jersey Indian Jargon * Denny's Delaware Vocabulary * Cummings' Delaware Vocabulary:
    Unami Delaware dictionaries.
The Delaware Tribe: A History:
    In-depth study of Lenape history, culture, and traditions.
Legends of the Delawares * Mythology of the Lenape:
    Collections of Lenape folktales.
When the Shadbush Blooms:
    Beautiful picture book by a Lenape author illustrating Native American life in the past and present.
Rainbow Crow:
    Picture book illustrating a Lenape legend about the origin of fire.
Delicate Bodies * Almighty Voice and His Wife:
    Poems and plays by Canadian Lenape author Daniel David Moses.
Oklahoma Delaware Ceremonies:
    Frank G. Speck's classic ethnography of the Delaware tribe.
Physical Anthropology Of The Lenape Or Delawares:
    Anthropological text on the Delaware tribe.
Native American Books:
    Evolving list of books about the Delawares and Native Americans in general.

Additional Resources, Links, and References

   Delaware People * Lenni-Lenape * Delawares:
   Encyclopedia articles about the Lenape.
   Los Delaware * Pueblos Delaware:
   Information about the Lenape tribe in Spanish.
   Delaware Indians: * Lenni Lenape Resources:
   Lenape links.

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